Accessibility Statement

We are committed to providing a website that is accessible to the widest possible audience. To do so, we are actively working with consultants to update the website by increasing its accessibility and usability by persons who use assistive technologies such as automated tools, keyboard-only navigation, and screen readers.

We are working to have the website conform to the relevant standards of the Section 508 Web Accessibility Standards developed by the United States Access Board, as well as the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1. These standards and guidelines explain how to make web content more accessible for people with disabilities. We believe that conformance with these standards and guidelines will help make the website more user friendly for all people.

Our efforts are ongoing. While we strive to have the website adhere to these guidelines and standards, it is not always possible to do so in all areas of the website. If, at any time, you have specific questions or concerns about the accessibility of any particular webpage, please contact so that we may be of assistance.

Thank you. We hope you enjoy using our website.

Skip to Main Content

Traumatic Brain Injury

An individual experiences a traumatic brain injury when a form of external force causes harm or injury to your brain. External forces such as this can create neurological trauma when it comes from a violent blow to a head or body. Not only can external forces cause harm, but anything that may potentially pierce or penetrate the skull can cause traumatic injury.

Traumatic brain injury can have wide-ranging effects both physical and psychological. Some signs or symptoms of the injury may appear immediately after the traumatic event, while other symptoms may not appear until many days or weeks later.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Not all traumatic brain injuries are severe. In fact, there are brain injuries that exist which are mild in nature and simply cause temporary dysfunction of brain cells. With mild traumatic brain injury it is not expected that a person would suffer from permanent damage.

Some of the typical signs and symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury may include:

  • Being dazed, confused or disoriented
  • Fatigue or drowsiness
  • Headache
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Memory, mood or concentration problems
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Sleeping more than usual

Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries

More serious traumatic brain injury can result in bruising, torn tissues, bleeding and other physical damage to the brain that can result in long-term complications or death.

Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries can include any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury, as well as the following symptoms:

  • Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears
  • Coma or loss of consciousness for extended period of time
  • Consistent vomiting or nausea
  • Convulsions or seizures
  • Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
  • Headache that continues to worsen
  • Inability to awaken from sleep
  • Loss of coordination
  • Loss of sensation or movement in fingers and toes
  • Profound confusion
  • Slurred speech
  • Unusual behavior


Find a Doctor

Need a doctor for your care?